圣诞节松油浮油

松油浮油正从瑞典经波的尼亚湾漂向芬兰。圣诞节前不久,约800立方米的松油从位于瑞典东海岸桑达讷(Sandarne)的亚利桑那化工公司的精炼厂溢入波罗的海。瑞典海岸警卫队迅速派遣其溢油应急船、设备和人员。1天内,回收松油约140立方米。瑞典海岸警卫队发言人表示,瑞典海岸警卫队KBV 002号船配备的劳模内置刷式收油设备(LORS)还非常适合此类收油作业。

大约长2公里、宽600米的一条松油浮油带正漂向芬兰西海岸。芬兰海岸警卫队部署了YAG

Louhi船和Linja船来处理该浮油带。YAG Louhi是芬兰最新的溢油应急船,配备劳模LORS内置收油系统。但是,2艘溢油应急船在波罗的海和波的尼亚湾遭遇飓风和巨浪,随即中止行动。风暴平息后,浮油带业已弥散,目前正在通过航空侦察,沿芬兰西海岸搜索残余浮油或浮油迹象。

目前未对松油的风险进行完全分析,但考虑到如此大的泄漏规模,或会危及生态系统和野生动物。松油用于香熏疗法、浴香油、清洁产品等,各精炼厂通过蒸汽蒸馏法从多种松树的松针、松枝和松果中获取,其中,桑达讷的亚利桑那化工精炼厂 是 世界上最大的松油精炼厂。

撰文:托马斯·巴比利


 

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